Typical adjective endings
- -able/-ible understandable, capable, readable, incredible
- -al mathematical, functional, influential, chemical
- -ful beautiful, bashful, helpful, harmful
- -ic artistic, manic, rustic, terrific
- -ive submissive, intuitive, inventive, attractive
- -less sleeveless, hopeless, groundless, restless
- -ous gorgeous, dangerous, adventurous, fabulous
|-al||If ending with an 'e', drop it||Nature Function||Natural Functional|
|-y||If ending with an 'e', drop it||Ice Oil||Icy Oily|
|-ful||If ending with a 'y', replace with an 'i'||Beauty Peace||Beautiful Peaceful|
|-ous/-ious||If ending with a 'y', drop it||Mystery Danger||Mysterious Dangerous|
|-ic||If ending with a 'y', drop it||History Rust||Historic Rustic|
Forming adjectives from nouns and verbs
Examples of forming adjectives
- Our house color is a kind of yellow. → We live in a yellowish house.
- He often acts like a child. → He often acts in a childish way.
- The event was a big success. → We enjoyed a successful event.
- We enjoyed the sound of the drum’s rhythm. → We enjoyed the drum’s rhythmic sound.
- She adopted a dog without a home. → She adopted a homeless dog.
- Look out, that plant is poison. → Look out for that poisonous plant.
- It looks like it will rain today. → It looks like we’ll have rainy weather today.
- She always acts with courtesy. → She always behaves in a courteous manner.
- Her hair is pretty. → She has the prettiest hair.
- We go for a walk each day. → We go for a daily walk.
Forming adjectives exercises
- inventive, invent, invented
- curiosity, curious, curiousive
- proliferate, prolific, proud
Answers: A – inventive B – curious C – prolific
Answers: A – smelly B – chilly C – wide
Answers: A – interesting B – amazing C – annoying
Answers: A – escaped, escaping B – improved, improving C – damaged, damaging
Answers: A – funnier, funniest B – incorrectly C – bluest, bluer, blueish
Answers: A – magical B – foolish C – ladylike
Answers: A – lifelike, lifeless B – powerful, powerless C – friendly, friendless
Answers: A – costly B – warlike C – monthly
Answers: A – poisonous B – courteous C – mysterious
Answers: A – athletic B – photographic C – scientific