Forming comparative adjectives
|This book is long.||This book is longer than that book.||This is the longest book.|
|The airport is far.||The airport is farther than the train station.||This is the farthest airport.|
|My mom is a good cook.||My mom is a better cook than your mom.||My mom is the best cook.|
The comparative form
- Adding –er to the positive form of the adjective.
- Adding the word more before the adjective.
- My essay is longer than yours.
- She is more beautiful than her sister.
|Add||When||Example||Forming and Exceptions|
|-er||Words of one syllable||This is a longer book.||
|-er||Words of two syllables ending with 'y'||This doll is prettier.||Change 'y' to 'i', and add -er to the end of the word.|
|more||Words of two syllables not ending with 'y'||He is more charming than his friend.||Insert more before the adjective|
|more||Three syllable words or longer||This is a more powerful cable.||Insert more before the adjective|
- Apples are tastier than oranges.
- This painting is more interesting than that painting.
- Adding –est to the Positive form of the adjective.
- Adding the word most before the adjective.
- This is the most beautiful dress I have ever seen.
- The biggest table in the room.
|Add||When||Example||Forming and Exceptions|
|-est||Words of one syllable||This is the longest book.||
|-est||Words of two syllables ending with 'y'||This doll is the prettiest.||Change 'y' to 'i', and add -est to the end of the word.|
|most||Words of two syllables not ending with 'y'||He is the most charming boy at school.||Insert most before the adjective|
|most||Three syllable words or longer||This is the most powerful story.||Insert most before the adjective|
- Danny is as smart as Phillip.
- She is as beautiful as her older sister.
- Danny is not as smart as Phillip.
- She is not as beautiful as her older sister.
Exceptions (irregular forms)
Examples of comparing adjectives
- This house is bigger than that one.
- This flower is more beautiful than that.
- He is taller than Mr. Hulas.
- He is more intelligent than this boy.
- Jonathan is the most handsome man on campus.
- This is the prettiest dress in the window.
- I lost my most comfortable shoes.
- My job is worse than yours.
Comparing adjective exercises
- Her hair is short.
- Her hair is shorter than it was before.
- Her hair is the shortest it has ever been.
- We live nearer the train station than we used to.
- Park in the lot nearest the train station.
- I know the train station is somewhere near.
- My dog might be ugly, but he is nice.
- That’s the ugliest dog I’ve ever seen!
- Because he was uglier than the others, my dog won the ugly dog contest.
- Your presentation was more informative than most.
- She gave an informative talk on honeybees.
- That’s the most informative speech I’ve ever heard Professor Brown give!
Answers: A: 2 – shorter B: 1 – nearer C: 3 – uglier D: 1: more informative
- I’d like to have more participation from each of you this time around.
- If you’d have listened better, you wouldn’t be confused right now.
- They live in the brick house on the corner.
- That’s the best ice cream I’ve ever tasted!
- You’re a lot nicer than your sister.
- This is delicious cake.
- This presentation seems longer than usual.
- Of all the hairstyles in the room, hers is most stylish.
- I’m often trying to do better than others.
- Lake Silfra has some of the clearest water on the world.
- This shop carries nicer things than it used to.
- My cat has three adorable kittens.
- Be careful; that’s a fragile vase.
- You’re more cheerful than you used to be.
- This is the most exciting thing that has ever happened to me.
Answers: A – 1: best B – 2: most stylish C – 1: clearest D – 3: most exciting
- I can run further than before.
- She has the pinkest cheeks I’ve ever seen!
- Jimmy is a cute baby.
Answer: : B – pinkest
- Your face is red.
- You have the reddest face!
- If you don’t wear sunscreen, your face will get redder.
- This is the best book I’ve ever read.
- I like this book better than the last one I read.
- That’s a good book.
- Most chocolate is sweet.
- Milk chocolate is sweeter than dark chocolate.
- I’m not sure which chocolate is sweetest.
- This is a charming house.
- Our new home is so much more charming than our old one.
- She’s the most charming person I’ve ever met.
Answers: A – 1: red B – 3: good C – 1: sweet D – charming
- My mother is a _____________ woman.
- The surgeon worked ____________ to stabilize the patient.
- Most quickly
- More quickly
- We ran ______________ than we did last week.
- After the party, the house was the _______________ it’s ever been.
Answers: A – smart B – quickly C – faster D – messiest
- Jinx is a hairy dog.
- She has the bluest eyes I’ve ever seen.
- He made me madder than I’ve been in a long time.
- We felt more excited than ever when we heard the news.
Answers: A – positive B – superlative C – comparative D – comparative
- This book is more interesting than that one.
- The story we heard this week was as interesting as last week’s.
- This is one of the most interesting stories I’ve ever heard.
- We’ve had a run of bad luck lately.
- This is the worst snowstorm we have had in ten years.
- Your injury is worse than mine.
Answer: C – worse
- She is not as mean as her older sister is.
- This is the least exciting movie I’ve ever seen.
- Mr. Brown is more boring than Mr. Philips.
Answer: B – least exciting