Grammar Rules

Grammar rules ConjunctionsSubordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating Conjunctions

What is a Subordinating Conjunction?

Subordinating conjunctions are parts of speech that join dependent clauses to independent clauses. Sometimes referred to as subordinators or subordinate conjunctions, these important words and phrases may also introduce adverb clauses.

Get Ginger logo Page and check your text using a unique Contectual Grammar and Spell Check proofreader.
Get Ginger logo Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contectual Grammar and Spell Check proofreader.
Get Ginger logo to apply Grammar Rules related to Subordinating Conjunctions directly to your text.
Insert your text and try out Grammar Checker:
Ginger Grammarchecker details
Ginger Grammarchecker details
express your self in beter ways.
Express yourself in better ways.
Explore different ways to phrase your text No alternative sentences.

Available everywhere you write: on the web, on the desktop and on all your mobile devices.
get more details

Subordinating conjunctions are essential parts of complex sentences with include at least two clauses, with one of the clauses being main (independent) and the other being subordinate (dependent).

There is only one rule to remember about using subordinate conjunctions:

A subordinate conjunction performs two functions within a sentence. First, it illustrates the importance of the independent clause. Second, it provides a transition between two ideas in the same sentence. The transition always indicates a place, time, or cause and effect relationship. For example: We looked in the metal canister, where Ginger often hides her candy.

Examples of Subordinating Conjunctions

In the following examples, the subordinating conjunctions are in bold for easy identification:

  1. As Sherri blew out the candles atop her birthday cake, she caught her hair on fire.
  2. Sara begins to sneeze whenever she opens the window to get a breath of fresh air.
  3. When the doorbell rang, my dog Skeeter barked loudly.

 

Subordinating Conjunction Exercises

The following exercises will help you gain greater understanding about how subordinating conjunctions work. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence.

  1. _________ the basement flooded, we spent all day cleaning up.

    1. After
    2. Although
    3. Before
    4. Even if

    Answer: 1. After the basement flooded, we spent all day cleaning up.

  2. I don’t want to go to the movies ­­­_____________ I hate the smell of popcorn.

    1. Although
    2. Because
    3. Whenever
    4. So that

    Answer: 2. I don’t want to go to the movies because I hate the smell of popcorn.

  3. I paid Larry, ___________ garden design work is top-notch.

    1. Whenever
    2. Whose
    3. After
    4. If
  4. Answer: 2. I paid Larry, whose garden design work is top-notch.

  5. ___________ spring arrives, we have to be prepared for more snow.

    1. Because
    2. Until
    3. Although
    4. Now that

    Answer: 2. Until spring arrives, we have to be prepared for more snow.

  6. _____________ the alarm goes off, I hit the snooze button.

    1. As soon as
    2. Because
    3. Before
    4. Now that

    Answer: As soon as the alarm goes off, I hit the snooze button.

Subordinating Conjunctions List

There are many subordinating conjunctions. This list contains 25 of those most commonly used.

After

Although

As

As soon as

Because

Before

By the time

Even if

Even though

Every time

If

In case

Now that

Once

Since

So that

Than

The first time

Unless

Until

When

Whenever

Whether or not

While

Why