Apr 26th 2018

Write to Influence

write to influnce

Guest post written by Carla D. Bass, Colonel, USAF (Ret) on April 26, 2018 

Influential writing opens doors for promotion, fellowships, internships, scholarships, grants, career broadening opportunities and other competitive assignments, and more.

Write to Influence!
Have you ever read a paragraph and re-read it, unable to ascertain the author’s point? Of course, we all have. For the reader, wading through textual mud is frustrating and counterproductive. For the author, convoluted writing forfeits the opportunity to influence the reader and achieve the desired goal. For both parties, bureaucratic blather wastes valuable time.

Communication is constrained by time and space: the reader’s time (measured in seconds) and physical space allocated for your message. To exemplify the latter, some forms for annual performance reviews allocate as little as 1,000 spaces in which to convey your accomplishments. You must write powerfully to make each word count.

My battle cry is, “Powerful writing changes lives!” It opens doors to opportunity that would otherwise remain closed. You could be the best qualified for a job, promotion, or selective academic opportunity – hands down. But, if the competition is better at telling a story … presenting his/her credentials … you lose.

Powerful writing is also the lifeblood of private business, corporations, non-governmental organizations, and government agencies. It is essential for building public support for an issue, attracting talented job applicants, and marketing. Want to justify additional resources or, conversely, preclude cuts to existing budgets? A well-crafted, hard-hitting message often tips the scale in your favor.

Writing to influence entails a two-pronged approach, visualized as an inverted triangle. First, think strategically, think of the big picture to make your case. Second, hone your text to make each word count and every second of the reader’s time play to your advantage. By applying both approaches, the author achieves hard-hitting, focused, and compelling products. This article addresses strategies to make the case:

Number 1. Determine your goal – What’s the point?
What do these two scenarios have in common? First, you stand before the glowering judge, who demands to know, “You did what?!” Second, your stressed boss, peeks at you from behind the desk and tersely exclaims, “I’m busy! What do you want?” Each requires a concise, logical, fact-based response. For an author, the corresponding questions are, “Why are you knocking on the audience’s door? What do you want to convey?” Capture this in a single paragraph and use it as a north star to vector the development of your product.

Number 2. Chart the course – Lead the reader.
Poof … You are now a tour guide! Whether composing fact or fiction, the author must lead the audience to that desired conclusion. Begin with an outline that keeps the story on track, benefiting the author and the audience. Identify major points of the story-line, ensuring the message has a beginning, a middle, and the all-important end. Then, augment the outline with hard-hitting facts as the message comes into focus. Use signposts to guide the reader. I’m referring to words such as first, second, and third. These tell the reader, “OK, we’re moving to a different point. Please change gears.” Signposts are effective tools, especially when conveying a lengthy or complex message.

Number 3. Think around the corner – Address readers’ reactions.
As you write, examine your message from the reader’s perspective. What questions or concerns might your “destination” paragraph prompt? If you were the recipient, what would you like to know? Develop your outline and subsequent text to address that information. Then, review your draft. Does it emphasize the proper points? Does the text flow logically, provide a solid argument, and answer the questions you so astutely anticipated? If your reader must advocate your case to higher authorities (e.g., an agent approaching a publisher), have you provided sufficient ammunition?

Number 4. Game on! – Hook that reader!
Craft the opening lines to grab the reader’s attention. By the way, the conclusion is equally critical as it influences the reader’s final … and often lasting … impression of your work. Think in terms of the opening and closing arguments in court or, if you prefer, the appetizer and dessert of a fabulous, gourmet meal. Bottom line … leverage the opening and closing to your advantage.

Number 5. Make that story pop! – Add detail to quantify.
Just as spices add a nuanced flavor to that gourmet meal, detail adds depth, dimension, and context to the story. They equip the reader with a mental yardstick to better grasp your message. Include solid facts and quantify to make your case. Describe how big, what duration, amount of hours invested, number of participants, how many, what percentage, etc. Here is an opening hook that quantifies the context. Does this encourage you to read further? For the first time in the five years that the report has been produced…

Number 6. Close the garden gates Don’t lose the reader.
Remember your role as tour guide; you must lead the reader directly to the conclusion without detour. Secure the gates. How? Avoid items that divert the reader’s attention from your message. Examples include: Strange wording (e.g., professional jargon) and poorly defined terms; errors in punctuation, spelling, and capitalization; partially made points that prompt questions, “How many? How long? Who signed? What happened as a result?”; gibberish that causes the reader to respond, “Huh?” Exemplifying the latter, consider this bullet from a resume: Consistently been proactively engaged with the corporation and delivering reusable methodologies, embraced philosophies, and insight into the culture of his project. Yep, lost the reader!

About the Author
Carla D Bass, Colonel, USAF (Retired), authored the award-winning book, “Write to Influence!” During her 30-year career, she taught professional writing to thousands of people and now offers engaging workshops tailored for students from high school through graduate school and people already in the workforce.

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Apr 23rd 2018

The Longest Word In The English Language

pic word

I recently discovered the longest word in English after a discussion with an old friend from college. Have you ever been curious about the longest word in the English language?

The English language does indeed include some extraordinarily long words. Many of these words were derived by combining several names or places, and they often have straightforward meanings despite their length. I am sure you are wondering how these words would appear in sentences, or how they should be properly interpreted. Even if you get all that right, there are some further questions to ask, will you be able to pronounce and spell the words correctly?
You need not to worry about spelling them since it’s actually impossible that you’ll find the need to use this category of words in your day to day activities, and you might not even come across them unless you search them out.

Listing out all the long words in English will be the most boring blog you read all day long, so let’s just list four:

  1. Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis is one of the longest words in the English language, this 45-letter word is a lung disease caused by the prolonged exposure to fine siliceous dust. Have you tried pronouncing that?
  1. Antidisestablishmentarianism: is “only” 28 letters and it was used in the United Kingdom. It refers to the disposition of those who are against the ruling upper class of nobles, aristocracy, and the Church of England.
  2. Floccinaucinihilipilification:  29 letters. This word is rarely used. You will usually find references to it only in lists of very long words, like this one. This word means an assessment of something useless.
  1. Titin: Here’s the cream of the crop, the following word is not really a proper term in the sense you probably won’t find it in a dictionary, but it is the longest word in English which is interesting to pronounce So, I present to you the full chemical name of the protein Titin. This word is 189,819 letters long and it takes nothing less than 4 hours to pronounce and about 57 pages of a book to write it.

Methionyltreonylthreonylglutaminylalrylglycylphenylalanylprolylvalylprolyylglycylarginylalanyllysylleucylthreonylglutamylleucylleucylvalyllysyla
lanutaminylvalylarginylvalylthreonylglycglutaminylglutamylglycylaspartylleucyylthreonylserylthreonylalanylglutamylglutaminylthreonylarginylisole
ucylglunylglutaminylleucylprolylhistidyllysyylglutaminylserylprolylserylprolylisoonylserylprolylisoleucylarginylserylvtamylglycyltyrosylvalylala
nylserylsercylarginyltyrosylglycylvalylglutaminyserylalanylseryltyrosylalanylalanylglulalanyllysylglutamylvalyllysylglutaminlanylalanylvalylalan
ylthreonylvalylvallalanylarginylvalylarginylglutamylproltamylglutaminylthreonylalanylglutaminyeonylalanylvalylhistidylisoleucylglutaglutaminylva
lylarginyllysylglutamylalathreonyllysylvalylvalylvalylalanylalanlutaminylglutamylleucyllysylserylarginleucylthreonylthreonyllysylglutaminylgalyl
threonylhistidylglutamylglutaminylylglutamyllysylthreonylphenylalanylvalylalanylalanyllysylalanyllysylglutamyloleucylserylglutamylglutamylisoleu
cylttaminylvalylthreonylglutaminylglutamylylthreonylarginyllysylthreonylvalylvalnylthreonylprolyllysylvalyllysylglutamlarginylglycylarginylgluta
mylglycylisolutamylglutaminylvalylglutaminylisoleuethionylarginyllysylglutamylalanylgluthreonylisoleucylalanylvalylalanylthreoutaminylglutamylth
reonylisoleucylleucyonylmethionylalanylthreonylarginylglututaminylvalylthreonylhistidylglycyllyslalanylglutamylalanylvalylalanylthreonylglutamin
ylalanylarginylvalylarginylglycylhistidylleucylglutamylglutamylserthreonylthreonylleucylglutamyltyrosylgleucylserylalanylalanyllysylvalylalanyny
lprolylalanylserylglutamylprolylhistllysylprolylarginylvalylisoleucylglutanylhistidylisoleucyllysylthreonylthreohionylhistidylisoleucylserylsery
lglutaeonylaspartylleucylthreonylthreonylglulaspartyllysylarginylprolylarginylthrealanylthreonylvalylseryllysylisoleucylylhistidylglycyltyrosylg
lutamylalanylslisoleucylalanylthreonylleucylglutamineonylserylserylalanylglutaminyllysylisalanylprolylthreonylvalyllysylprolylsenylalanylglutamy
lprolylthreonylprolyllolylphenylalanylalanylaspartylthreonylerylglutamylalanylglycylvalylglutamylvlylserylisoleucylthreonylglycylthreonyylarginy
lphenylalanylglutamylvalylleucyllysylvalylthreonylglutamylthreonylalalylglutamylisoleucylprolylvalylthreonrylglycylleucyllysylasparaginylvalylth
lutamylserylvalylthreonylleucylglutamycyltyrosylprolylserylprolylthreonylvallutamylaspartyltyrosylglutaminylisoleutylphenylalanylglutaminylisole
ucylthreylisoleucylalanylarginylleucylmethionyylalanylalanylglutamylaspartylserylglyinylserylalanylvalylasparaginylglutamyonylserylcysteinyltyro
sylleucylalanylvtamylphenylalanylglutamyllysylglutamylglutamyllysylphenylalanylthreonylthreoylalanylvalylglutamylserylarginylaspartylthreonylser
ylleucylthreonylglutamyllglycylglutamylprolylalanylalanylprolyyllysylprolylvalylvalylglutaminyllysyllvalylvalylphenylalanylglycylcysteinylnylpro
lyllysylprolylhistidylvalyltyroslylprolylleucylthreonylthreonylglycylttyrosylasparaginyllysylglutaminylthreoylvalylisoleucylserylmethionylthreon
yllanylglycylglutamyltyrosylthreonylisolsylhistidylglycylglutamylthreonylseryllutamylglutamylalanylaspartyltyrosylglylglutaminylglutaminylglutam
ylmethionytaminylvalylthreonylalanylphenylalanylylvalylglycylglutamylthreonylalanylprorylglutamyltyrosylglutamyllysylglutamyinylalanylleucylisol
eucylarginyllysylleonylvalylvalylvalylarginylthreonyltyrglutamylphenylalanylhistidylisoleucylsylarginylleucylisoleucyllysylglutamyliucylisoleucy
llysylthreonylthreonylleucmylglutamylaspartylglycylglutamylglutalisoleucylserylglutamylserylglutamylallanylaspartylleucylarginylisoleucyllyslleu
cylglutamylglycylmethionylglycylvaeinyllysylmethionylserylglycyltyrosylpyltryptophyltyrosyllysylaspartylglycyllycylglutamylarginyltyrosylglutami
nylmlutaminylaspartylglycylarginylalanylselvalylleucylprolylglutamylaspartylglutlanylphenylalanylalanylserylasparaginynylisoleucylcysteinylseryl
glycyllysyllylalanylprolylleucylglycylalanylprolylnylleucylglutamylprolylvalylserylarginrolylarginylserylvalylserylarginylseryylprolylalanylargi
nylmethionylserylprolalanylarginylmethionylserylprolylalanarginylarginylleucylglutamylglutamylthylleucylglutamylarginylleucyltyrosyllyyllysylpro
lylvalylserylphenylalanyllysylasparaginylcysteinylarginylphenylalacylarginylprolylmethionylprolylglutamyylalanylhistidylaspartylglycylglutaminyl
aspartyltyrosylthreonylhistidyllysylartylglycylthreonylglutaminylserylleucylthreonylprolylserylaspartylserylglyclylalanylglutaminylasparaginylar
ginylaylserylvalylisoleucylleucylthreonylvalylglutaminylvalyllysylprolylmethionylplysylasparaginylvalylasparaginylisoleueucylglutamylmethionylly
sylvalylarginylylasparaginylprolylaspartylisoleucylvlserylaspartylisoleucylisoleucylvalylplisoleucylarginylisoleucylglutamylglycalanylleucyllysy
lisoleucylaspartylseryylserylalanyltryptophyltyrosylthreonylginyllysylalanylglycylarginylaspartyltlvalylasparaginylvalylglutamylvalylgluylglutam
ylprolylglutamylarginyllysylleglycylthreonyltyrosylarginylalanyllysylglutamylleucylglutamylprolylleucylhisaminylglutamylglutaminyltryptophylglut
osylaspartyllysylglutamyllysylglutaminphenylalanyllysyllysyllysylleucylthreoinylphenylalanylglycylprolylalanylhistginylleucylthreonylprolylisole
ucylseryylvalylglutamyltryptophylleucylhistidytamylalanylalanylasparaginylarginylleuinylglutamylphenylalanylglycyltyrosylclycylvalylalanyltyrosy
lserylarginylasphreonylcysteinylarginylalanylthreonylalaspartylhistidylthreonylserylalanylthrtylglutamyllysylserylleucylvalylglutalylglutamylgly
cylarginyllysylglycylleuylglutamylleucylglutamylarginylmethionlleucylthreonylglycylvalylthreonylthrelysylglutaminyllysylprolylaspartylisolylprol
ylvalylarginylvalylleucylglutamylphenylalanylarginylcysteinylarginylvaminylprolyllysylvalylasparaginyltryptolutaminylleucylisoleucylarginyllysyl
sealylarginyltyrosylaspartylglycylisoleuleucylvalylaspartylcysteinyllysylserylylvalyllysylvalylthreonylalanylglutamyylisoleucylglutamylhistidyll
ysylvalyllylglutaminylarginylglutamylaspartylpheinylarginylalanylprolylglutamylprolylatidylvalylhistidylglutamylprolylglycylutamylvalylglutaminy
llysylvalylaspartythreonylglutamylthreonyllysylglutamylvnylglutamylarginylisoleucylthreonylhisylglutamylserylglutamylglutamylleucylaginylarginyl
threonylglutamylglutamylglleucylthreonylalanylvalylglutamylleucylglutamylseryltyrosylglutamylglutamylllaspartylglutamylleucylleucylhistidyltlthr
eonylglutamylglutamylglutamyllysylamylglycyllysylisoleucylthreonylisoleurolylaspartyllysylisoleucylglutamylleulalanylprolyllysylisoleucylphenyla
lanyserylglutaminylthreonylvalylglycylglutidylphenylalanylarginylvalylarginylvallylglutamylcysteinylglutamyltryptophylysylisoleucylglutamylargin
ylserylasparltyrosyltryptophylprolylglutamylaspartleucylvalylisoleucylarginylaspartylvalylalanylserylisoleucylmethionylvalyllycylalanylglycylglu
tamylthreonylserylseleucylvalylglutaminylalanyllysylglutamanylthreonylglutaminylglutamylleucylglylglutamyllysylaspartylthreonylmethionlcysteinyl
glutamylthreonylserylglutamyysyltryptophyltyrosyllysylaspartylglyctamylglycylaspartyllysyltyrosylarginylyllysylvalylhistidylphenylalanylleucylyl
aspartylthreonylserylaspartylalanylglvalylleucylvalylglutamylaspartylglutaeonylalanyllysylleucylisoleucylvalylgllphenylalanylvalyllysylglutamyll
eucylgalylprolylglutamylseryltyrosylserylglysoleucylvalylserylprolylglutamylasparayptophyltyrosylhistidylasparaginylaspaparaginylglycyllysyltyro
sylthreonylisoycylarginylglutaminylasparaginylleucylonyllysylglutamylaspartylglutaminylglyvalylisoleucylaspartylglycyllysyllysylllysylmethionyll
ysylprolylarginylprolyaminylglycylleucylserylaspartylglutamilaspartylisoleucylvalylglutaminylleucyglutamylserylvalylglutamylglycylvalyltylglutam
inylglutamylvalylglutaminylprolisoleucylvalylisoleucylaspartyllysylgylleucylisoleucylglutamylaspartylmethianylglycylasparaginyltyrosylserylpheny
lleucylglycylleucylserylthreonylserylgerylvalylaspartylvalylisoleucylthreonyraginylvalylisoleucylglutamylglycylthrcysteinyllysylvalylserylvalylp
rolylaspyptophyltyrosylleucylasparaginylaspartrolylaspartylaspartylarginylvalylglutalthreonyllysylglutaminylarginylleucylvonylhistidylalanylsery
laspartylglutamyeucylvalylglycylarginylvalylglutamylthylleucylserylvalylglutamyllysylisoleuccylleucylarginylaspartylleucylthreonylutaminylaspara
ginylvalylvalylphenylalahistidylserylglycylisoleucylaspartylvalalanyllysylaspartyllysylglutamylisoleyllysylisoleucylglutamylalanylhistidylcylthr
eonylvalylleucylasparaginylmethilutamylglycyllysyltyrosylthreonylphenysparaginylmethionylthreonylserylglycyllglycylalanylisoleucylseryllysylprol
yleonylvalylalanylglutamylserylglutaminytamylcysteinylglutamylvalylalanylasparlglutamyltryptophylleucylarginylaspartucylthreonylasparaginylaspar
aginylisoltylglycylhistidyllysylarginylarginyllehreonyllysylleucylaspartylaspartylisolyrosyllysylvalylalanylthreonylseryllysylvalylglutamylalany
lvalyllysylisoleucraginylleucylthreonylvalylthreonylglutlvalylphenylalanylthreonylvalylglutamyginylvalyllysylglycylvalylglutaminyltrycylvalylval
ylleucylglutamylserylasparleucylserylvalyllysylglycylthreonylisoeucyllysylasparaginylcysteinylalanylislyltyrosylglycylphenylalanylarginylleueryl
alanylarginylleucylhistidylvalylgloleucyllysyllysylprolyllysylaspartylvaraginylalanylthreonylvalylalanylphenylistidylaspartylthreonylvalylprolyl
valyllysylserylvalylglutamylisoleucyllysylinylleucylvalylserylglutamylarginyllysleucylglutaminylasparaginylisoleucylselutamyltyrosylthreonylalan
ylvalylvalylinyllysylalanyllysylleucylphenylalanylisoleucylthreonyllysylthreonylmethionyalylprolylglutamylthreonyllysylthreonyteinylglutamylvaly
serylhistidylphenylthionyltryptophylleucyllysylasparaginyylmethionylserylglutamyllysylphenylalaylglycyllysylleucylhistidylglutaminyllaraginylthr
eonylserylthreonylglutamylareonylphenylalanylvalylcysteinylglycylerylalanylthreonylleucylthreonylvalylteucylthreonylserylmethionylleucyllysyllut
amylglutamyllysylaspartylthreonylisvalylthreonylvalylasparaginyltyrosylglsyltryptophylleucyllysylasparaginylglythreonylaspartyllysylcysteinylglu
taminlleucylthreonylhistidylserylleucylaspaalylhistidylphenylalanylglycylaspartylphenylalanylvalylalanylglycyllysylalanylleucyltyrosylvalylgluta
mylalanylargilanylarginyllysylhistidylisoleucyllysylutamyllysyllysylarginylalanylmethionymylvalylserylglutamylprolylaspartylisophylmethionyllysy
laspartylaspartylglutucylthreonylaspartylarginylisoleucyllylysyltyrosylvalylhistidylarginylleucylrginylmethionylserylaspartylalanylglycnylglycyl
glycylasparaginylvalylserylthvalylglutamylglycylarginylaspartylvalycyllysyllysylglutamylvalylglutaminylvaarginylalanylvalylvalylglutamylphenylay
laspartylaspartylvalylaspartylalanylhylglycylisoleucylglutamylisoleucylaspalutaminylglutamylarginylhistidyllysyltnylisoleucylhistidylarginylmeth
ionylpheonylarginylglutaminylserylaspartylalanylalanylvalylalanylglycylarginylasparlleucyltyrosylvalylasparaginylalanylpralylleucylglutaminylglu
tamylleucylglutminylserylglycyllysylprolylalanylarginnylisoleucylserylglycylarginylprolylglyptophyltyrosyllysylglutamylglutamylglycylphenylalany
llysylcysteinyllysylpheylglutaminylglutamyltyrosylthreonylleunylphenylalanylprolylglutamylaspartylaeinylglutamylalanyllysylasparaginylaspylthreo
nylserylalanylserylleucylserylvlvalylserylprolylaspartylglutaminylglulylprolylalanylisoleucylisoleucylthreoreonylvalylthreonylserylglutamylglycy
lalanylglutaminylcysteinylarginylvalylsylvalylseryltryptophyltyrosylseryllysyolylserylarginylphenylalanylphenylalanlphenylalanylglutamylaspartyl
threonyltucylalanylglutamylalanyltyrosylprolylgyltyrosylthreonylphenylalanylvalylalanglycylglutaminylvalylserylserylthreonyglutamylalanylprolylg
utamylserylisoleoleucylglutamylglutaminylglutamylisolenyllysylglutamylphenylalanylserylseryllutamylglutamylglutamylglycylleucylhisminylleucylser
yllysylisoleucylasparagiucylleucylserylglutamylserylprolylvalyanylaspartylserylglutamyllysylglutamylphenylalanylisoleucyllysylglutamylvalyeucyls
erylmethionylglycylaspartylvalylnylvalylisoleucylglycylisoleucylprolyltryptophylphenylalanylphenylalanylaspanylprolylserylalanylaspartyltyrosyll
ysrtylglycylaspartylaspartylhistidylseryylalanylthreonyllysylleucylglutamylasphreonylcysteinylmethionylalanylserylasthreonylisoleucylcysteinylse
rylalanyltylseryllysylglycylglutamylglycylhistidonylglutamylserylalanylvalylalanyllysyylglycylprolylcysteinylprolylprolylhislleucyllysylprolylis
oleucylarginylcystolylalanylisoleucylphenylalanylglutamytamylprolylalanylprolylthreonylvalylthutamylasparaginyllysylglutaminylleucylyrosylthreon
ylisoleucylisoleucylhistidlserylglycylthreonylphenylalanylisoleuutaminylarginylglutamylaspartylserylgllysylalanylglutamylasparaginylmethionyyste
inylalanylalanylglutamylleucylleucthreonylaspartylmethionylthreonylasparyllysylserylthreonylprolylglutamylalanlprolylglutaminylthreonylprolylleu
cyllalanylleucylaspartylserylglutamylglutalphenylalanylvalyllysylaspartylthreonyucylisoleucylthreonylglutamylglutamylalseryltyrosylglutamylhisti
dylisoleucyllleucylserylserylglutaminylleucylprolyylleucylglutaminylserylisoleucylleucylylthreonylprolylglutamylserylthreonylateinylisoleucylasp
araginylglycylserylinylprolylleucyllysylglutamylprolylseryeucylglutaminylisoleucylvalylglutaminyalanylseryllysylglutamylglycylisoleucymylprolylg
lutamylthreonylglutaminylalaglutamyllysylisoleucylphenylalanylprollglutamylglutaminylisoleucylasparaginyolylleucyllysylthreonylleucylleucylalara
ginyltyrosylprolylglutaminylserylserionylhistidylseryltyrosylleucylthreonylylleucylserylleucyllysylglutamyllysylsparaginylarginylglutamylglutami
nylargsylglutaminylglutamylalanylglutaminylslglutaminylserylleucylalanylglutamylgllglutaminylserylprolylaspartylvalylmetasparaginyltyrosylglutam
ylprolylleucylylcysteinylthreonylglutamylglycylglycymylserylalanylasparaginylprolylleucylgminylaspartylserylalanylvalylarginyliserylleucylarginy
lphenylalanylprolylleulglutaminylvalylleucylleucyllysylglutaaraginylvalylvalylmethionylprolylprolyylglutamylseryllysylarginylglutamylprolylgluta
minylglutamylvalylglutaminylglllysylglutamylserylleucylleucylserylglglutaminylarginylleucylasparaginylleuccysteinylarginylalanylleucylglutaminyl
lglutaminylprolylglycylleucylphenylalainylasparaginylisoleucylglutamyllysylvlasparaginylisoleucylthreonylglutaminyucylmethionylcysteinylmethiony
ltyrosylserylvalylthreonylglutamylglutamylvalylglutamylaspartylvalylaspartylprolylgleucyllysylmethionylglutamylleucylarginylisoleucylisoleucylty
rosylglutamylgluylthreonylalanylglutamylglycylprolylarlycylalanyllysylthreonylserylleucylgluartylserylphenylalanylserylglycylserylsoleucylthreon
ylglutamylprolylglutamyllisoleucylserylthreonylglutamylglutamyaginylvalylglutaminylserylarginylvalyleonylprolylvalylthreonyllysylglycylvalsparty
lglutamyllysylglutaminylaspartylglutamylglutamyllysylglutamylglutamylsreonylglutamylglutamylvalylalanylthreotamylalanylglutamylglycylglycylleucy
liprolylmethionylisoleucylhistidylthreonvalylserylglutamylglutamylglycylaspartnylthreonylserylisoleucylthreonylasparaginyltryptophyltyrosylpheny
lalanylglulylserylaspartylglutamyllysylphenylalapartylglutaminylasparaginylthreonyltyrartyllysylvalylasparaginylthreonylglutlglutamyltyrosylvaly
lcysteinylglutamyllglycyllysylthreonylalanylthreonylseryllysylarginylalanylalanylprolylvalylisutamylprolylleucylglutamylvalylalanylllphenylalany
lthreonylcysteinylglutamyllasparaginylvalylarginylphenylalanylglalanylglycylarginylglutamylisoleucyltyeinylserylisoleucylarginylserylseryllyglut
amylisoleucylleucylarginylthreonylylglycylglutamyltyrosylthreonylcysteinyltyrosylglycylserylvalylserylcysteinyylvalylthreonylvalylprolylglycylgl
ycylleucylleucylprolylglutamylarginyllysylutamylvalylvalylleucyllysylserylvalyllmylglutamylglutamylglutamylprolyllysylglutamyllysylvalyllysyllys
ylprolylalanolylprolyllysylprolylvalylglutamylglutlvalylthreonyllysylarginylglutamylargiylthreonyllysylvalylprolylglutamylisolylleucylprolylalan
ylprolylglutamylprolnylglutamylvalyllysylthreonylisoleucyllprolylglutamylprolylthreonylprolylisoylvalylprolylvalylvalylglycyllysyllysylyllysylgl
utamylglutamylalanylalanyllylysylglycylvalylprolyllysyllysylthreonlalanylglutamylarginylarginyllysylleuccylglutamyllysylprolylprolylaspartylglny
ltyrosylglutaminylleucyllysylalanylvlyllysylglutamylisoleucyllysylaspartyltamylserylglutamylphenylalanylvalylglylanylglutamylcysteinylleucylvaly
lserylhreonylthreonyltryptophylmethionyllysyeucylarginylglutamylserylprolyllysylhilanylaspartylglycyllysylaspartylarginycylaspartylvalylglutamin
ylleucylserylahreonylcysteinylvalylleucylarginylleucylthreonylserylthreonylalanyllysylleucrolylvalylarginylphenylalanylvalyllysyamylvalylthreony
lvalylvalyllysylglycylserylcysteinylglutamylleucylasparaginyalyltryptophylarginyllysylaspartylglycysylprolylglycylarginylisoleucylvalylpylmethio
nylarginylalanylleucylthreonylspartylaspartylthreonylaspartylalanylgreonylvalylglutamylasparaginylalanylasysteinylserylserylcysteinylvalyllysylv
nylaspartyltryptophylleucylvalyllysylpinylhistidylvalyllysylprolyllysylglycylalanylcysteinylaspartylisoleucylalanyinylisoleucyllysyltryptophylph
enylalanlisoleucylprolylalanylglutamylprolylasmylisoleucylleucylarginylaspartylglycyucyllysylisoleucyllysylasparaginylalanoleucylalanylglutamylt
yrosylalanylvalyylarginyltyrosylprolylalanyllysylleucylglutamylvalylglutamylleucylleucyllysyylthreonylisoleucyltyrosylglutamyllysyylaspartylalan
ylglutamylisoleucylserylylglycylglutaminyltryptophyllysylleucyinylprolylserylprolylthreonylcysteinyllglycylglycyllysylarginylphenylalanyllyllysy
lleucylaspartylglutaminylalanylgaminylalanylleucylasparaginylalanylisoylleucylthreonylvalyllysylglutamylisolanylalanylvalylprolylleucyllysylaspa
rtrginylarginylglutaminylalanylarginylphcylthreonylarginylglutamylalanylasparaysylglycylprolylaspartylisoleucylisolenylalanylaspartylisoleucylis
oleucylalaisoleucylleucylvalylisoleucylasparaginylaspartylaspartylglutamylglycylvalyltutamylglycyllysyllysylthreonylserylalareonylglycylisoleucy
larginylleucyllysyucylglutamylaspartylglutaminylthreonyleonylalanylthreonylphenylalanylvalylcylutamyllysylmethionylhistidylvalylvalyinylaspartyl
alanyllysylleucylhistidyltcylisoleucylserylserylglutamylglycyllymylmethionyllysylglutamylvalylthreonyllglutaminylisoleucyllysylalanylglutamiylth
reonylalanylglutaminylleucyllysylvlyltyrosylphenylalanylthreonylvalyllysylalanylvalylglutamyllysylaspartylglutteinylglutamylvalylseryllysylaspar
tylvlalanyllysylaspartylglycylglutamylglutlysyltyrosylserylisoleucyllysylalanylaoleucylleucyllysylisoleucyllysyllysylaylglycylglutamyltyrosylval
ylcysteinylatyllysylthreonyllysylalanylasparaginylinylleucylisoleucylglutamylvalylglutamylglutamylvalylphenylalanylvalylglycyllalanylglutamyliso
leucylglutamylleucyltidylglycylglutaminyltryptophyllysylleylthreonylalanylserylprolylaspartylcystamylaspartylglycyllysyllysylhistidyliylasparagi
nylcysteinylglutaminylleucylylvalylserylphenylalanylglutaminylalanalanylalanylasparaginylleucyllysylvalyleucylphenylalanylisoleucylthreonylproyl
phenylalanylglutamyllysylaspartylglulcysteinylglutamylvalylserylarginylglularginyltryptophylleucyllysylglycylthreonylglycylaspartylaspartylargin
ylphenlaspartylglycylthreonyllysylhistidylselalanylalanylphenylalanylglutamylasparnylphenylalanylglutamylalanylglutamylaycyllysylleucylisoleucyl
isoleucylglutalphenylalanylleucylthreonylprolylleucysylglutamyllysylglutamylserylalanylvalleucylserylhistidylaspartylasparaginyllphenylalanyllys
ylasparaginylaspartylgnylthreonylarginylserylvalylserylmethillysylthreonylhistidylserylisoleucylthylserylisoleucylaspartylaspartylthreonlylgluta
mylalanylmethionylglycylmethiocylthreonylvalylleucylglutamylglycylasonylglycyllysylleucylglutaminylaspartylysylaspartylglutamylvalylisoleucylleu
ucylseryllysylalanylaspartylalanylprolysylaspartylglycyllysylglutamylisoleuclanylvalylisoleucyllysylthreonylasparteucylisoleucylleucyllysyllysyl
alanylleylglutaminyltyrosylthreonylcysteinylasyllysylthreonylserylglycyllysylleucylainylglutamylisoleucyllysylleucylvalylalglutamylvalylmethiony
lglutamylthreonylalanylglutamylthreonylglutamylisoleuceucylhistidylalanylasparaginyltryptophnylleucylleucylglutaminylthreonylprolylysylglutamylg
lutamylglycyllysylisoleustidylasparaginylcysteinylarginylleucyycylvalylaspartylphenylalanylglutaminyerylserylalanylhistidylleucylarginylvaglycyl
leucylleucylarginylprolylleucyllnylalanylglycylglutamylthreonylalanyltlglutamylleucylseryltyrosylglutamylaspyptophyltyrosylleucyllysylglycyllysy
llyllysylvalylvalylprolylarginylserylgluylleucylthreonylleucylarginylaspartylvylglycylglutamylvalylglutaminylleucyltnyllysylthreonylhistidylalan
ylasparagiamylprolylprolylvalylglutamylphenylalalaspartylglutaminylthreonylvalylglutamlvalylleucylglutamylcysteinylglutamylvalanyllysylvalyllysy
ltryptophylphenylaglutamylisoleucylleucyllysylseryllysyllanylaspartylglycylarginylvalylarginylpartylcysteinylthreonylprolylglutamylalthreonylcys
teinylaspartylalanyllysylaylcysteinylasparaginylleucylasparaginylglutamylphenylalanylleucylarginylprolminylvalylarginylglutamyllysylglutamylluta
mylcysteinylglutamylleucylserylargalyllysyltryptophylphenylalanyllysylaslysyllysylglycyllysyllysyltyrosylasparylalanylvalylarginylisoleucylleucy
lvallleucylleucylaspartylaspartylglutamylalutamylvalylarginylthreonylalanylarginlthreonylvalylleucylglutamylglutamylglyllysylasparaginylleucylal
anylasparagimylthreonylaspartylthreonylisoleucyllylseryllysylprolylglycylalanylglutamylvglycylaspartylglutamylglutamylisoleucyinyltyrosylglutamy
lisoleucylleucylthreylisoleucylleucylvalylisoleucylglutamilutamylaspartylalanylglycylasparaginyleucylprolylserylserylarginylthreonylastidylgluta
mylleucylalanylalanylglutamylylglutaminylasparaginylleucylglutamylyllysylalanylglutamylphenylalanylvalylutamylserylphenylalanylprolylvalylglutla
spartyllysylthreonylleucylglutamylseylvalylisoleucylalanylaspartylglycyllyllysylaspartylalanylthreonylleucylglutyltyrosylvalylvalylmethionylvaly
lglycynylhistidylleucylthreonylvalylisoleucylvalylvalylprolylleucyllysylaspartylthaminylglutaminylglutamylvalylvalylphenlvalylasparaginylthreony
lglutamylglycyenylalanylarginylasparaginylglutamylglpartylserylseryllysyltyrosylisoleucyliylleucylvalyltyrosylthreonylleucylargistidylleucylaspa
rtylaspartylglutaminylvalylserylleucylthreonylasparaginylhisylvalyllysylserylalanylalanylasparaginmylglutamylaspartylleucylarginylisoleupartylis
oleucylglutamylthreonylmethionnylphenylalanyltryptophylcysteinyllysyaginylvalylthreonylleucyllysyltryptophtamylglutamylvalylprolylphenylalanylas
yrosylarginylvalylaspartyllysyltyrosyllisoleucyllysylaspartylcysteinylglycyllycylglutamyltyrosylisoleucylvalylthreysylserylvalylalanylglutamylle
ucylleucrolylthreonylglutamylphenylalanylvalyltylglutaminylthreonylvalylthreonylglutnylvalylphenylalanylserylcysteinylglutylalanylasparaginylval
yllysyltryptophyinylglutamylisoleucyllysylglutamylglyclglutamyllysylaspartylglycylserylisolesoleucyllysylaspartylcysteinylarginyllnylglutamyltyr
osylalanylcysteinylglycyerylarginylalanylarginylleucylphenylalrolylvalylglutamylisoleucylisoleucylarisoleucylleucylglutamylalanylprolylglyanylle
ucylalanylglutamylleucylasparagialylglutaminyltryptophylleucylarginylavalylvalylglutaminylglycylaspartyllysyylserylglutamylglycyllysylisoleucylh
isylcysteinylaspartylisoleucyllysylprolytamyltyrosylarginylphenylalanylisoleuclanylarginylalanyllysylleucylglutamyllsoleucyllysylthreonylalanyla
spartylglurtylvalylglycyllysylprolylleucylthreonspartylalanyltyrosylprolyllysylalanylgylalanyllysylglutamylasparaginylglutameonylisoleucylaspart
ylthreonylthreonylylphenylalanylarginylisoleucylleucylglllysylglycylarginyltyrosyllysylisoleucysylhistidylglycyllysylalanylglutamylgylleucyllysy
lvalylisoleucylaspartylvalaraginylleucylglutamylvalylthreonylgluycylglutamylvalylserylleucylalanyltryphreonylaspartylglycylglycylseryllysylivaly
lglutamylarginylarginylaspartylisotophylvalylleucylalanylthreonylaspartylglutamylphenylalanylthreonylvalylthreylglycylvalylglutamyltyrosylleucyl
phennylasparaginylarginylvalylglycylthreonthreonylaspartylasparaginylprolylvalylsylaspartylvalylprolylglycylprolylprolleucylthreonylaspartylvaly
lasparaginylleucylthreonyltryptophylglutamylprolylglycylalanylglutamylisoleucylthreonylaamylleucylarginylaspartyllysylthreonylrtylthreonylalanyl
methionylthreonylvalylserylalanylthreonylvalylthreonylaspanylglutamyltyrosylserylphenylalanylargaraginylarginylisoleucylglycylvalylglyonylprolyl
phenylalanylvalyllysylvalylalarginylprolylserylprolylprolylvalylaspartylglutaminylthreonylglutaminylseryptophylglutamylprolylprolylleucyllysyleu
cylleucylglycyltyrosylisoleucylisolelglutamylglycyllysylaspartylasparaginylasparaginylmethionyllysylleucylvalylpysylvalylthreonylglycylleucylglu
tamyllucyltyrosylarginylvalylserylalanylglutylserylaspartylprolylserylglutamylisolylalanylaspartylaspartylalanylphenylalionylaspartylleucylseryl
alanylphenylalylvalylisoleucylvalylprolylasparaginylcylvalylprolylserylthreonylglycyltyrosthreonyltryptophylcysteinylphenylalanyamylthreonylglyc
ylaspartylarginylvalylrylalanyltyrosylalanylglutamylleucylvalarginylserylaspartyllysylglycylisoleuglutamylasparaginylarginylvalyllysylthsoleucyl
aspartylvalylasparaginylvalylinylprolyllysylglutamylleucyllysylphenynyllysylaspartylserylvalylhistidylleucrolylaspartylaspartylaspartylglycylgly
yrosylvalylvalylglutamyllysylarginylglltryptophylthreonyllysylvalylmethionylpartylleucylglutamylphenylalanylthreontaminylglycyllysylglutamyltyro
sylleucynylarginylasparaginyllysylcysteinylglytyrosylvalylaspartylglutamylprolylvalyrolylalanylthreonylvalylprolylaspartylllysyltryptophylarginy
laspartylarginylucylphenylalanylleucylthreonyltryptophnylaspartylglycylglycylserylarginylisolylglutamylarginylcysteinylprolylarginlvalylalanylcy
steinylglycylglutamylpromethionylglutamylvalylthreonylglycylletophyltyrosylalanyltyrosylarginylvalylylglutaminylglycylalanylseryllysylprollgluta
mylisoleucylglutaminylalanylvalyalanylprolylglutamylisoleucylphenylalaucylalanylglycylleucylthreonylvalyllyslglutamylleucylprolylalanylthreonylv
alprolyllysylisoleucylthreonyltryptophyllisoleucylleucyllysylglutaminylaspartyucylglutamylasparaginylvalylprolyllysyleucylvalylaspartylseryllysy
larginylserosylisoleucylisoleucylglutamylalanylvarginylalanylthreonylalanylvalylvalylgspartyllysylprolylglycylprolylprolylalucylthreonylaspartyl
valylthreonylaspareucylthreonyltryptophylasparaginylprolylglycylseryllysylisoleucylthreonylaspginylarginylalanylthreonylaspartylseryylleucylsery
lserylthreonylvalyllysylasyllysylalanylthreonyllysylleucylisoleurosylisoleucylphenylalanylarginylvalylionyltyrosylglycylalanylglycylglutamyllyli
soleucylthreonylalanyllysyltyrosyllprolylglycylprolylprolylthreonylarginisoleucylthreonyllysylaspartylalanylvacysteinylglutamylprolylaspartylasp
artyleucylthreonylglycyltyrosyltryptophylvolylaspartylthreonylaspartyllysyltryptyllysylmethionylprolylvalyllysylaspartyllysylglycylleucylthreony
lasparaginylalanylarginylvalylleucylalanylglutamylglycyllysylprolylseryllysylserylthreoneucyllysylaspartylprolylisoleucylasparylglycyllysylproly
lthreonylvalyllysylalvalylarginylleucylasparaginyltryptophylaspartylglycylglycylalanyllysylisolecylglutamylmethionylleucyllysylthreonytophylvaly
larginylvalylalanylglutamylgtaminylhistidylleucylleucylprolylglycyminylglutamyltyrosylserylphenylalanylaginyllysylalanylglycylglutamylserylgluas
partylprolylvalylleucylcysteinylargiprolylserylprolylprolylarginyltryptophaginylisoleucylthreonyllysylasparaginyryptophylthreonylvalylprolylglut
amyllysoleucylthreonylasparaginyltyrosylisoltylvalylarginylarginyllysylglycyltryptlthreonylthreonylvalyllysylaspartylthreonylprolylleucylthreony
lglutamylglycylarginylvalylalanylalanylglutamylasparylserylaspartyltyrosylthreonylglutamylleucylalanyllysylaspartylthreonylphenyprolylprolyltyro
sylalanylleucylalanylvarginylhistidylvalylaspartylleucyllysylasparaginylaspartylglycylglycylarginyrosylvalylisoleucylglutamyllysyllysylgrginyltr
yptophylvalyllysylalanylglycylrtylcysteinylasparaginylphenylalanylareucylglutamylglycylthreonylglutamylvalalylarginylalanylglutamylasparaginylgl
ylprolylserylglutamylprolylthreonylglulutamylaspartylprolylthreonylserylprolrtylleucylhistidylvalylthreonylaspartyoleucylalanylisoleucylalanyltr
yptophylaginylglycylglycylserylprolylisoleucylglutamylmethionylcysteinylprolylvalylglmethionylarginylvalylasparaginylserylleucyllysylphenylalany
llysylvalylglutapartyllysylglutamyltyrosylvalylleucylaginylalanylisoleucylglycylvalylserylglerylglutamylasparaginylvalylvalylalanyyllysylprolylt
hreonylisoleucylaspartyltylisoleucylisoleucylvalylisoleucylgluisoleucylprolylvalylprolylphenylalanylthreonylvalylseryltryptophylhistidyllylysyla
lanylserylaspartylarginylleucyltartylhistidylisoleucylserylalanylhistirylvalylarginylalanylaspartylalanylglylthreonylleucylglutamylasparaginylly
synylserylisoleucylasparaginylvalyllysylcylprolylcysteinyllysylaspartylisoleucthreonyllysylserylserylcysteinyllysyllylprolylglutamylphenylalanyl
aspartylglucylhistidyltyrosylvalylleucylglutamylrginylarginylthreonyltyrosylisoleucylpmylasparaginyllysylleucylseryltryptophsoleucylprolylaspara
ginylglycylglutamyinylvalyllysylalanylvalylasparaginyllyyrosylisoleucylglutamylleucyllysylaspautaminylaspartylprolyllysylglutaminylplaspartylval
ylglutamylvalylhistidylasplalanylmethionylthreonylisoleucylthreoltyrosylaspartylglycylglycylseryllysyleucylisoleucylglutamyllysylisoleucylalnylt
ryptophyllysylarginylcysteinylasparolylisoleucylleucylthreonyltyrosylthrlglutamylglycyllysylglutamyltyrosylglunylalanylglutamylasparaginylalanyl
alanlserylarginylalanylthreonylprolylprolyolylisoleucylaspartylalanylprolyllysylserylleucylglutamylvalyllysylarginylglleucylaspartylalanylseryli
soleucylseryonylisoleucylthreonyltryptophylisoleucalylisoleucylvalylprolylglutamylglutamlanylprolylleucylvalylarginylarginylarinylglutamylglutam
ylglutamylprolylphenonylglutaminylarginylleucylserylisoleuylglycylglutamylserylglutaminylleucylaylarginylprolylaspartylhistidylglycyllvalylgluta
mylasparaginylaspartylhistidrolylcysteinylthreonylvalylserylvalyllolylprolylisoleucylasparaginylphenylalylisoleucylarginyllysylthreonylserylvaut
amylprolylprolylleucylaspartylaspartlisoleucylasparaginyltyrosylthreonyllethreonyllysylprolylaspartylserylglutamonylserylthreonylleucylarginylhi
stidylonyllysylleucylisoleucylglutamylglycylnylarginylvalylarginylalanylglutamylasrolylglycylprolylprolylcysteinylvalylsylaspartylprolylphenylal
anylglycylprolllysylprolylisoleucylvalylglutamylasparylmethionylleucylvalyllysyltryptophyltylasparaginylglycylserylprolylisoleucylglutamyllysyla
rginylglutamylvalylaspphylserylarginylvalylasparaginyllysylsucyllysylalanylasparaginylvalylaspartyucylthreonyltyrosylvalylphenylalanylarparaginy
lalanylalanylglycylprolylglycyserylaspartylprolyllysylthreonylalanyllprolylprolylglycylprolylprolylisoleuclthreonylserylserylthreonylthreonyliso
hylglutamylprolylprolylalanylphenylalatamylisoleucylvalylglycyltyrosylphenyleucylvalylglycylthreonylasparaginyllysreonylglutamyllysylmethionylis
oleucyllreonylvalyllysylglutamylisoleucylarginyllysylleucylarginylvalylserylalanylvatamylglycylprolylprolylglycylglutamyltlvalylalanylglutamylpr
olylglutaminylglylleucylaspartylvalylserylvalyllysylglcylmethionylalanylglycyllysylthreonylllylvalylthreonylglycylarginylprolylvallthreonyllysyl
glutamylglutamylglycylglginylvalylvalylisoleucylaspartylasparalutamylleucylisoleucylisoleucyllysylastylhistidylglycylarginyltyrosylvalylisginyls
erylcysteinylglycylseryllysylphealylglutamylvalylphenylalanylaspartylvpartylleucyllysylprolylvalylvalylthreocysteinylleucylleucylasparaginyltryp
tortylaspartylglycylglycylserylglutamylisoleucylisoleucylglutamylarginyllysylathreonyltryptophylarginylglutaminylprolarginylseryllysylcysteinyla
spartylisotamylglycylglutaminylglutamyltyrosyllylalanyllysylasparaginyllysylphenylalanvalylglutamylisoleucylglycylprolylisollleucylglycylprolylp
rolylthreonylseryltyrosylthreonylglutamylarginylglutaminonylleucylaspartyltryptophyllysylglutacylglycylserylprolylisoleucylglutaminytamyllysylar
ginylarginylhistidylaspartutamylarginylvalylasparaginyllysylargieonylserylphenylalanylleucylvalylglutalhistidylglutaminylmethionyltyrosylglulany
lvalylasparaginylglutamylisoleucylrylleucylprolylleucylasparaginylvalylvrtylglutamylvalylprolylprolylthreonyliylvalylarginylglycylaspartylthreon
ylislutamylprolylvalylhistidylisoleucylprolleucylprolylmethionylprolyllysylisolearaginylglutamylthreonylvalylisoleucylalanylleucylglutaminylisol
eucylthreonyinylserylglutamylalanyllysylthreonylglylalanylvalylarginylglutamylaspartyllyylthreonylalanylserylasparaginylarginyarginylasparaginyl
valylhistidylvalylglolylserylprolylprolylarginylasparaginysoleucyllysylalanylglutamylserylcysteispartylalanylprolylleucylaspartylaspareucylthreo
nylhistidyltyrosylvalylisolenylserylarginyllysyllysylalanylglutamyeonylasparaginylthreonylalanylvalylgluucyltryptophyllysylleucylisoleucylprollg
lutamylphenylalanylarginylvalylarginlglycylisoleucylserylaspartylglutamylclvalylisoleucylglutaminylaspartylprolyolylprolylglycyllysylprolyllysyl
valyllylserylmethionylleucylvalylseryltryptotylasparaginylglycylglycylserylprolyliphylleucylglutamyllysylarginylglutamylptophylserylarginylvalyl
serylarginylalylglycylleucyllysylglycylvalylglutamylrginylleucylleucylglutamylglycylvalyllginylalanylmethionylalanylisoleucylaspglycylprolylprol
ylserylglutamylprolylsylglycylaspartylprolylisoleucylphenylaserylcysteinylprolylglutamylvalyllysyllisoleucylserylleucylglycyltryptophyllglycylgl
ycylserylprolylisoleucyllysylgethionylglutaminylglutamylglutamylglycllysylarginylvalylasparaginylglutamylpreonylthreonylcysteinylglutamylcystein
lysylglutamylleucylarginyllysyltyrosyllalanylvalylasparaginylglutamylalanylgylaspartylthreonylthreonylglycylglutamrtylisoleucylglutaminylglutamy
lglutamyleucylaspartylisoleucylglycylalanylglucysteinyllysylalanylglycylserylglutamilanylvalylisoleucyllysylglycylarginylpryptophylglutamylpheny
lalanylaspartylghionyllysylaspartylglycylvalylhistidylrtylalanylglutaminylleucylglutamylthreerylvalylisoleucylisoleucylisoleucylprrylhistidylthr
eonylglycyllysyltyrosylsaraginyllysylalanylglycylglutaminyllyslarginylvalyllysylvalylmethionylaspartlaspartylleucyllysylvalylserylaspartylcystei
nylarginylleucylseryltryptophyllaspartylglycylglycylaspartylarginylisocylglutamyllysylarginylthreonylisoleucylthreonyllysylvalylasparaginylproly
lathreonylphenylalanylvalylvalylprolylasaminylglutaminyltyrosylphenylalanylphelutamylasparaginylarginylphenylalanylgylglutamylthreonylisoleucylg
lutaminylaaspartylprolylisoleucyltyrosylprolylprsylleucyllysylisoleucylglycylleucylisonylvalylhistidylleucylseryltryptophyllartylglycylglycylser
ylprolylvalylthreotamylcysteinylleucylalanyltryptophylasysyllysylglutamylalanyltryptophylarginylarginylaspartylvalylglutamylglutamyllvalylglutam
ylaspartylleucylvalylglutamylphenylalanylarginylvalyllysylalanylalylseryllysylprolylserylalanylthreonycysteinylglutaminylarginylprolylaspartylas
partylleucyllysylglutamylphenylalautamylglycylthreonylasparaginylvalylassoleucyllysylglycylvalylprolylphenylalptophylphenylalanyllysylalanylprol
ylprinyllysylglutamylprolylvalylleucyltyroaraginyllysylleucylvalylvalylaspartylacylvalylisoleucylprolylglutaminylserylglycylleucyltyrosylthreony
lisoleucylthinylleucylglycylthreonylalanylseryllysaraginylvalylleucylglycylarginylprolylisoleucyllysylphenylalanylglutamylserymethionylthreonyll
eucylseryltryptophylylaspartylglycylglycylseryllysylisoleusoleucylglutamyllysylarginylglutamylaltryptophylvalylhistidylvalylserylseryllthreonylt
yrosylthreonylisoleucylprolytidylglutamyltyrosylvalylphenylalanylaminylasparaginyllysyltyrosylglycylisolrtylserylglutamylprolylglutamylthreonyyl
alanylserylvalylprolylglycylalanylprlserylserylvalylthreonylarginylasparagraginyltryptophylglutamylglutamylprolylserylprolylvalylthreonylglycylt
yrosylsylaspartylthreonylthreonylseryllysylaparaginylarginylaspartylprolylisoleucyglycylvalylseryltyrosyllysylvalylthreocylserylaspartyltyrosylg
lutaminylphenyleucylasparaginylalanylalanylglycylvalylserylaspartylprolylalanylthreonylalaanylprolylprolylglycylprolylprolylphenartyltryptophylt
hreonyllysylserylserylhylserylprolylprolylleucyllysylaspartylglycyltyrosylisoleucylvalylglutamyltyylglutamylglutamyltryptophylglutamyllyvalylarg
inylglycylthreonyllysylleucylvlutamylglycylalanylphenylalanyltyrosyllanylvalylasparaginylisoleucylalanylglycylglutamylvalylthreonylaspartylvalyl
rtylarginylleucylvalylserylprolylasparanylserylvalylarginylaspartylarginylisylglycylvalylisoleucylarginylisoleucylcyllysylprolylprolylprolylthre
onylvalyonylasparaginylglutamylarginylthreonyllthreonylisoleucylglutamylthreonylthreethionylvalylisoleucyllysylasparaginylidylglutaminylglycylva
lyltyrosylseryllutamylalanylglycylglutamylarginyllysyllaspartylvalylleucylaspartylvalylprolylylphenylalanylleucylalanylhistidylasputamylserylcys
teinyllysylleucylthreonylutamylaspartylaspartylglycylglycylserltyrosylvalylisoleucylglutamyllysylarginylalanyltryptophylthreonylprolylvalyylargi
nylglutaminylasparaginylalanyltholeucylglutaminylglycyllysylalanyltyrosoleucylalanylalanylglutamylasparaginylprolylphenylalanylvalylglutamylthre
onleucylarginylglutamylprolylisoleucylthlylglutamylaspartylleucylglutamylvalylraginylthreonylvalylthreonylleucylthreyllysyltyrosylaspartylglycyl
glycylserynyltyrosylvalylleucylglutamylserylargitamyllysylphenylalanylhistidyllysylvalginylleucylleucylserylarginyllysyltyrosylglutamylglycylasp
artylthreonyltyroslanylvalylasparaginylisoleucylvalylglyphenylalanylcysteinylthreonyllysylprolpartylglutamylleucylalanylprolylprolyllphenylalany
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lthreonylasputamyllysyllysylglutamylvalylglycyllysrolylvalylthreonylserylalanylserylalanylvalylseryllysylleucylleucylglutamylghenylalanylarginyl
isoleucylhistidylalaglycylisoleucylserylaspartylprolylleucysylalanyllysylaspartylarginylphenylallprolylaspartylglutaminylprolylisoleucllysylaspa
rtylserylalanylleucylvalylthlylhistidylaspartylglycylglycyllysylprosylisoleucylleucylglutamyllysylarginylarginyltryptophylalanylarginylvalylthis
tidylprolyltyrosylthreonyllysylphenyucylleucylglutamylglycylcysteinylglutainylvalylserylalanylglutamylasparaginyycylaspartylprolylserylprolylpro
lylserllysylaspartylprolylisoleucylalanyllysaginylprolylglutamylalanylisoleucylaspaginylserylvalylaspartylleucylthreonylinylhistidylaspartylglyc
ylglycylseryllleucylvalylglutamyltyrosylglutaminyllymyltryptophylarginylarginylalanylasparlserylcysteinylprolylglutamylthreonyllleucylarginylasp
artylglycylglutaminyltnylvalylleucylalanylvalylasparaginylalylprolylalanylhistidylvalylprolylglutatylarginylleucylglutamylprolylprolylglalanylas
paraginylmethionylalanylarginyllysylvalylglycylaspartylthreonylleucysoleucyllysylglycylvalylprolylphenylalhyllysyllysylglutamylaspartylarginylas
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lanylalanylglutamylasparaginlprolylserylprolylserylserylaspartylprginylprolylisoleucyllysylprolylprolylgylprolyllysylleucyllysylaspartyllysylspa
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Admit it! This took forever to read, lucky for us we don’t really use such long and complex words in our day to day activities.

 

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Apr 16th 2018

6 Common Email Mistakes Even Professionals Make

email mistakes

English is the language that most businesses use when communicating with customers. Because of its vast usage, it remains the language of choice, even if it is not the native tongue of the people working in the company.

It is usually easy to spot emails written by people who are not native English speakers, as they unknowingly translate their native language directly to English – here are the six common mistakes people make when writing in English:

1. Revert back:
Revert means to return or roll back a certain action. Therefore, the word ‘back’ is an unnecessary repetition here.
Correct usage of “Revert” in a sentence:
“Please feel free to revert with any further questions”
“Try not to revert to your previous working habits”

2. PFA attached:
PFA is short for “please find attached”. Therefore, “PFA attached” is redundant. Doesn’t make much sense, does it?
Correct usage of “PFA” in a sentence:
“Further to our phone conversation PFA the contract we discussed”
“PFA my resume and cover letter for your consideration”

3. Discuss about:
Discuss, by definition, means to have a dialog about a subject. The word ‘about’ is thus already included in the meaning of the word “discuss” and therefore not needed.
Correct usage of “discuss ” in a sentence:
“We need to sit down and discuss the new business idea “.
“The management team stepped aside to discuss their strategy.”

4. Let’s and lets/ it’s and its:
The difference between it’s and its (the conjunction “it is” vs the possessive form of “it”) is quite common – however, there’s another similar mistake which writers often make between let’s and lets:
Let’s: Stands for ‘let us’.
Correct usage of ” Let’s” in a sentence:
“Let’s plan a date night”
“Let’s cut the meeting short and proceed with the plan”
Lets: is the first person singular form of the verb to let.
Correct usage of ” Lets” in a sentence:
“He lets me use his computer”
“She usually lets me leave early”

5. I and Me:
These two are often confused even by native speakers. The best way to figure this out us by adding yourself to the sentence:
Example: Jack and (I? / Me?) will join the conference.

Once you have written the sample sentence, just delete the part about jack and read the sentence again. “Me will join the conference?” or “I will join the conference?”. Easy, right?
Correct usage of “Me” in a sentence: “me” generally follows a preposition:
“She is younger than me by two years.”
“Can you take the call for me?”
Correct usage of “I” in a sentence:
“I didn’t understand a word you said”
“I totally disapprove of what you did there”

6. Until or By:
“Until”: is a preposition that describes a span of time before a target date.
“By”, in contrast, is a usually used in when referring to a deadline and means “on” or “before”.

Correct usage of “by” in a sentence:
“I need the report done by 5:00 pm”
“Please approve the agenda by December 22nd”
Correct usage of “until ” in a sentence:
“I studied until 7pm last evening”
“The package will not reach here until the end of the week”

Share with us the common mistake you found in the comments below.

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Apr 12th 2018

5 TED Talks That Will Inspire Your Child to Do Homework

Examination stress

Guest post written by Dom Gibson on April 12, 2018 

The famed TED conference produces talks every year that inspire, entertain, amuse, provoke and encourage. There is now such a gigantic TED library that you can find hours of speeches dedicated to a wealth of topics, many tackling current education trends and the established forms of teachings, as well as its challenges.

One challenge that stands the test of time will come as no surprise to parents and teachers – the mission of encouraging consistent completion of homework. Homework is a divisive issue, with some schools in recent years, choosing to abolish it completely. However, not all students are quite so blessed, here are some inspiring TED talks that tackle the concept of homework head on and make a strong case for putting effort into its completion (some links open in YouTube).

1. The Power of a 5th Grade Homework Assignment – Shelly Anne Rosen
A particularly unusual case, but definitely a case study worth considering! While helping her son with a homework assignment in 2005, Shelley learned about a topic which she hadn’t previously engaged with; the Rwandan genocide of 1994. The subject resonated with her when she saw a parallel to the Holocaust, and she was drawn into learning more about the event. Her pursuits took her down a path that has led to meeting and marrying a Rwandan man, opening a tour company with her husband, and becoming a volunteer with Seattle’s Holocaust Centre for Humanity. It seems like an interesting anecdote on the surface, but this story speaks volumes about the important lesson of seeking out knowledge that homework instils. Learning shouldn’t stop at school – the quest for information can drive you to a richer life and a healthy, inquisitive mind! Your passion could just be waiting to be discovered.

2. This Company Pays Students to do Their Homework – Mohamad Jebara
Don’t go into this video expecting the moral to be ‘pay kids to do stuff!’ – not entirely, at least. Mohamad goes into some interesting findings from studies carried out with students of varying ages and talks about interesting concepts such as students’ “attention budgets” in today’s “attention economy”, noting the competing demands on children’s concentration such as Facebook, gaming consoles and apps. According to further findings, it is far more effective to reward input, such as greater levels of effort, than it is to reward output such as higher test scores. Additionally, younger students can be persuaded with a trophy, but for older students, cash was the way forward.

3. Why We Procrastinate – Vik Nithy
A scientific yet simplified look into the reasons why sometimes, we just can’t muster up the energy to try, and our distractions end up winning. Vik Nithy, himself founded three companies by the age of 20, despite a diagnosis of ADHD impacting his ability to concentrate.

4. How to Triple Your Memory – Richard Lieuw On
This is a particularly useful talk for students who struggle with retention of information, and as such don’t see a point doing homework. Richard shows you a simple but deep trick that can be improvised for any topic and can even help flex those creative muscles as you commit more to memory than standard repetition can often achieve. For those who feel like trying to memorize information is pointless, should watch this video and try to play along with the exercises. You may find the results surprising and perhaps your student might be more eager to try a new trick or two that will help them to improve their memory performance.

5. What Do Top Students Do Differently? – Douglas Barton
This talk addresses the truth behind the students who preform best when it comes to marks and grades. It breaks down and dispels the myth that the top students are ‘just better’, and that they aren’t equipped with a superior IQ that catapults them ahead of their peers. To become better student, as Douglas explains, is just about hard work, so that you’re actually learning something and not just jumping through set hoops.

So, if you’re struggling to get your child to comply with their homework, maybe it’s worth sitting and watching one of these inspiring TED talks with them.

Do you have a favorite TED talk that inspires or motivates you to work? Or have you found a genius way to encourage your child to do their homework with enthusiasm? Talk to me about it in the comments!

About the Author
Dom Gibson is the educational content editor at Tutorful, the UK’s fastest growing provider of tutoring services in English and English Literature. He works with expert educators to find the most innovative educational resources, and then shares them with amazing educational sites. 

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Mar 15th 2018

Correcting Grammar without Being Tagged as a Grammar Nazi

grammar nazi

Guest post written by Dominic Lester on March 15, 2018 

We often saw people correcting the mistakes of random people. Just for the sake of establishing my point, you also would have pointed out a mistake in the first sentence of this post in your mind. This has become our habit and we all are doing this unintentionally. That is why people with some conscience towards the non-English speaker’s tag those as the Grammar Nazi who always tries to find mistakes in their English.

However, the majority of the people who correct other’s mistakes does not share the intention of ridiculing anyone. They purely show respect towards their language and want people to speak as well as the native ones. But still, they get the tag of Grammar Nazi which is quite hurtful to that person.

That is why, in this article, I decided to build some sense of correcting grammar in the English grammar enthusiast people by telling them the right ways of correcting the grammar without being tagged as Grammar Nazi.

Know when to correct someone:
Instead of just knowing than to correct the grammar of someone’s it is better to understand when it is appropriate to correct someone. Let’s take the examples of influences and authoritative figures in house like parents and guardians or in the office like managers and in schools like teachers, if you are one of them, then it is appropriate for you to correct the grammar of the people beneath you in relation or position without getting any tag of Grammar Nazi.

Comparatively, there are more positions in which it is inappropriate for you to correct someone’s grammar. Among the friends, coworkers, family members or just in the discussion with any stranger, you have to take some things into consideration before just pointing out the mistakes of others. Things like the level of necessity for the correction. You have to keep your urge of correcting others as calm as possible and only when you find difficult to understand any sentence, then only try to look it from the critic’s eye.

Know when you should not correct someone:
Because we are surrounded by all the devices and technology that is keeping us connected with non-English speaking nations too. That is why you will often interact with people who would make numerous mistakes in their English which build the temptation in you to correct those mistakes. That is why it is imperative for you to keep all the urges calm and know when you should not correct someone.

Before going on to correct someone, it is important for you to build a list of the reasons and check every reason after analyzing. The most imperative reason that should be checked in order to correct someone’s grammar is either the mistake changing the sense or meaning of the sentence or not. This is not only important for the people who are going to read this and also for the person himself. If this reason is not checked in your list, then you should not even try to correct the mistake of anyone or else you will be tagged as the Grammar Nazi.

Tips to correct grammar without getting any tag:

Even if you find necessary to correct someone, there are some ways through which you can show yourself polite. The following are a few tips that will help you in correcting someone’s grammar in the politest manner.

Do not correct someone publicly:
Even if you are correcting a kid, it is important not to hurt his feelings and self-respect. That is why it is important that before correcting someone, either online or in person, the privacy should be imperative. This is the most basic way of showing respect to that person and saving him embarrassment which he would have faced if you would have given to him by correcting his grammar.

Be Precise in your correction:
Instead of getting shy over correcting someone, it is important that you go précised and confident. Instead of starting yourself with the words like um, ah, actually, by the way, you should go for something substantial. The reason why it is important that you have to sound educated and a serious guy to the person whose mistake you are rectifying. That is why you have to think before saying it or else no one is going to think for a fraction of a second before tagging you as a Grammar Nazi.

Make sure you are doing it in the best way:
Now there is a difference between rectifying someone’s mistake in the right way and best way. The right way would be to create the logic in your rectification and satisfying the inner piece of the person. But finding the best way could kill all in one shot. Through the best way, you can understand the necessity of rectifications. The best way would help you in presenting your correction in a way of teaching the person instead of just judging his English speaking or English writing skills.

Use examples:
The best way that I also use to correct someone’s mistake is giving examples. For example, once watching the Doctor Strange, one of my friends pronounced the name of the leading actor wrong. He said the Benedict Cumberhatch has done full justice with this character. Instead of just taunting him by rectifying his mistake, I used the example of one of his interview in which the Benedict himself said that his name is the most badly pronounced named in Hollywood. Then I gave different pronunciation examples of his name and then finally pronounce the Cumberbatch with the right pronunciation. This is how I managed to rectify the mistake of my friend without even letting him feel any embarrassment.

Wrapping up:
In the end, it is all about how you convey your intentions of just correcting someone’s mistake without making him feel ridiculing. This is where your communication skills also count a lot and how well you understand others. But, for the absolute escape from the tag of Grammar Nazi, above points are enough for everyone and anywhere.

About the Author
Dominic Lester is a prominent writer and speaker on communication skills. You can follow him on LinkedInTwitter and G+ for updates.

 

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