Feb 22nd 2019

How to Make a Resume with Correct Grammar?

Grammar is a key element in how you present yourself. It is essential if you want anyone to take what you are saying seriously.

When it comes to job hunting, correct grammar, punctuation and capitalization are even more important. Although your education and professional experience might give a pretty good picture of the employee you may be, how you communicate says more about you than what is on the resume.

That’s why a resume and cover letter with proper grammar and no spelling errors is integral. If your resume or cover letter are full of spelling mistakes, grammatical errors or incorrectly used words, the recruiter might get the wrong impression. He/she might think that you are uneducated, lazy or in a hurry and didn’t give the proper attention to your resume. Chances are that another candidate will be chosen.

As Kyle Wiens mentions in his article: “…grammar is relevant for all companies. Yes, language is constantly changing, but that doesn’t make grammar unimportant. Good grammar is credibility, especially on the internet. In blog posts, on Facebook statuses, in e-mails, and on company websites, your words are all you have. They are a projection of you in your physical absence. And, for better or worse, people judge you if you can’t tell the difference between their, there, and they’re”.

Remember, the way you present yourself in your job application is the first impression a company has of you. If you present yourself poorly on paper, the company might not take the time to know you at all, no matter what your credentials are.

Take advantage of the many resources, both online and off, that can help you put together a polished, grammatically correct resume and cover letter. You can always use Ginger on your computer and avoid these mistakes you might regret later.

Good luck on your job hunt!

The Ginger Team

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Feb 18th 2019

American English VS. British English

When performing an online grammar check, it is important to note if the language you are using is American or British English. Believe it or not, there is a subtle but significant difference between them.

According to Wikipedia, “Received Pronunciation (RP), also called the Queen’s (or King’s) English, Oxford English, or BBC English, is the accent of Standard English in England, with a relationship to regional accents similar to the relationship in other European languages between their standard varieties and their regional forms.”
Wikipedia defines American English as “a set of dialects of the English language used mostly in the United States,” and notes that around two-thirds of the people in the world that speak English as native language live in the United States – making the American dialect the more common of the two.

As a former British colony, the United States inherited English in the same way that Latin America inherited Spanish and Portuguese. However, over the years, American and British English have diverged in accent, spelling and vocabulary. A student of one will likely understand the other without too much additional effort, but should be aware of the differences that exist in literature, slang, pronunciation, letter writing and so on.

In the United States, students are generally taught American English, with little or no reference to the English spoken in the United Kingdom. Students of English as a Second Language (ESL), as well as native-speaking high school students in English class, may have only minimal knowledge of the differences between the two dialects.
English students in the US are taught the language using a variety of tools, including listening exercises, speaking and interviewing techniques and English games. One such game is called a “spelling bee.” Also used to teach grade school children how to spell, spelling bees are contests in which participants compete over who can spell the greatest number of words correctly. As the English language is full of exceptions, and spelling is often not done phonetically, learning how to spell correctly is a key part of growing comfortable with the language for non-native speakers.

Even for native speakers, the differences between American and British English can be a source of amusement. Anyone who has ever witnessed a social encounter between Americans and Brits has probably seen first hand how humorous it can be for them to compare words, especially slang words, and phrases across the cultural divide. However, English students can take comfort in the fact that the differences between the two are not really that great.

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Feb 17th 2019

Empathy vs Sympathy

Sympathy_Empathy (002)


Few pairs of English words get confused as often as sympathy and empathy. In speech and writing, the words get muddled up, despite having different meanings. The confusion probably comes as empathy and sympathy have similar definitions, sound similar when spoken, and they are used structurally and stylistically in the same manner. However, they have different meanings and it’s important to understand the difference between empathy and sympathy.

Definition of Sympathy and Empathy

  • Empathy is a noun, meaning the ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
  • Sympathy is a noun, meaning the feelings of pity or sorrow for someone’s situation. 

What is Sympathy?

Sympathy is tied up with the idea of sorrow and pity. If you have sympathy for someone, you feel sorry for them. Sympathy even suggests that you may be suffering distress yourself as a result of your feelings of pity for another’s misfortune. Often, we use the preposition for after sympathy.

Examples:

  • I feel sympathy for the poor people of the world.
  • We have no sympathy for you – it’s your own fault.

What is Empathy?

In essence, having empathy means you understand somebody’s situation, usually a problem that they have. Normally, empathy suggests that you understand someone’s issue because you have also had some experience with a similar circumstance, i.e. empathy means you fully understand it. Often, we use the preposition with after empathy.

Examples:

  • John had some empathy with Mike’s situation; he too had gone bankrupt in the past.
  • Lance finds it difficult to have empathy with poor people, as he has always been rich.

Remember: Empathy does not always need to have a negative connotation.

  • You’re getting married? I have some empathy with that, as I tied the knot just last week!

Empathize vs Sympathize

Empathy and sympathy can both be used as verbs, with the differences being the same as those in the noun form of the words.

  • Empathize is a verb, meaning to understand someone’s situation.
  • Sympathize is a verb, meaning to feel sorry for someone.

However, with both words we would normally use the preposition with.

Examples:

  • We empathized with the Smiths’ predicament, as we knew how tricky filling out insurance claims could be.
  • Those who sympathize with criminals should be ashamed of themselves.
  • Can I empathize with the substitute teacher? Sure, because I know how hard it is to work with kids that age.
  • Cancer is a terrible disease. We should sympathize with anyone who suffers from it.

Sympathetic vs Empathetic

Sympathy and empathy can also be used as adjectives, with the differences being the same as those in the noun and verb forms.

  • Empathetic is an adjective, meaning showing an ability to understand another’s situation.
  • Sympathetic is an adjective, meaning showing feelings of pity or sorrow for someone’s situation.

Examples:

  • Jane, who has been deaf since birth, is empathetic toward anyone who had hearing problems.
  • Professor Neal will be sympathetic with anyone who comes to him with a difficult personal problem.

Sympathetic: Other Meanings

Sympathetic has some other meanings, which are sometimes used in art, literature and formal contexts. It is a little bit confusing, because the meaning is much closer to that of empathy and understanding. Don’t worry too much, as this way of using sympathetic is not very common and highly specific.

  • A sympathetic character in a book or movie is one that is liked because their actions are understandable.
    • Othello is a sympathetic character, because we can understand his actions were driven by jealousy and Iago’s manipulation.
  • Sympathetic can mean showing support and agreement.
    • We are sympathetic to the Prime Minister’s position and we will fully support the vote.

Sympathetically vs Empathetically

Sympathy and empathy can also appear in adverb form, with the difference in meanings again being the same as those in the noun forms.

  • Sympathetically is an adverb, meaning in a way that shows sorrow or pity for someone’s misfortunes.
  • Empathetically is an adverb, meaning in a way that shows understanding of someone’s predicaments.

Examples:

  • The doctor listened sympathetically as the patient described her painful symptoms.
  • Nurses are able to work empathetically with patients while remaining professional and efficient.

Other Words Confused with Empathy and Sympathy

Empathy, sympathy and their variants are words with roots in Ancient Greek. As a consequence, other words can sound very similar yet have completely different meanings. Be careful of these words with similar spellings:

  • Emphasis (noun), Emphatic (adjective), Emphasize (verb), Emphatically (adverb). These are related to putting stress or special importance on something.
  • Symphony (noun). A musical band or composition.
  • Apathy (noun) Apathetic (adjective). Lack of concern or interest.

Examples of Sympathy and Empathy

Here are some more examples of sympathy, empathy and other variants of the words in sentences:

  • To truly have empathy with a man, you must walk a mile in his shoes.
  • The sympathy I feel for sick people increases every day.
  • Can we have empathy with animals? No. We don’t think in the same way.
  • Jean felt a deep sympathy towards the gorillas. Their habitat was being destroyed.
  • We can empathize with your problem, Nick. However, we feel no sympathy for you.
  • I sympathize with your situation at work, but I just can’t help you.
  • Bob and Jan were sympathetic towards the plight of the homeless, so they donated their pay checks to the local shelter.
  • Teachers should always be empathetic towards other teachers.
  • Nathan listened on sympathetically, the descriptions of suffering bringing tears to his eyes.
  • Renee spoke empathetically, letting her audience know she had first-hand experience of the issue.

 

 

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Feb 16th 2019

The word Father

father day

Happy Fathers Day!

The first Fathers Day first was celebrated in 1910 in Spokane, Washington. Today, this day is celebrated all over the world, usually on the 3rd Sunday of June. We know about the origin of Fathers Day (it was created as a response to Mother’s Day just over 100 years ago) but what about the origin of the word “Father?”

The English word father can be traced to a the following languages:

From Middle English: fader
From Old English: fæder
From Proto-Germanic: fadēr

The word “father” also has connections to the following ancient languages:
Latin: Pater, Ancient Greek: πατήρ (patēr), and Sanskrit: पितृ (pitṛ).

What about the word “dad?”

The first known record of the word “dad” was around the year 1500. Scholars suggest that the origin of the word “dad” actually comes from the first noises that kids make. “Dad” or “Dada” also sounds similar in many different languages and consists of two similar sounding consonants.

In Welsh: Tad
Irish: Daid
Chechen: Da
Czech, Latin and Greek: Tata
Lithuanian: Tete
Sanskrit: Tatah
Turkmen: Däde

No matter how you greet your father on Fathers Day, Ginger wishes you both a good one!

Enjoy our Fathers Day discount on Ginger Software!

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Feb 14th 2019

What’s Your Style?

English is the most complex and vocabulary-rich language in the world. As of January 2012, there over 1 million words in use and a new word is added to the English language every 98 minutes! English incorporates many words and grammatical rules from other languages which makes it even more complicated.

How do we use language? Naturally, with so many influences and new additions, there tend to be disagreements on how language is used. Below are three disagreements over style.

Is it email or e-mail?

Back in 2011, this question was in the news due to two giants in the writing business: the Associated Press and the New York Times. To hyphenate or not to hyphenate? The AP Stylebook removed the hyphen since they thought it was only needed to explain that email meant “electronic mail” in the early days of the internet where new concepts needed clarification.

The New York Times decided to stick with the hyphen in e-mail while acknowledging that there is no longer the need to write the “message” after the word e-mail as in “e-mail message.”

Starting a sentence with and or but

Grammatically speaking, it is acceptable to start a sentence with “and” or “but.” The problem with starting your sentence with one of these conjunctions is that your writing will often come off as informal.

Instead, you can replace “and” with “in addition” and replace “but” with “however” to sound more professional.  

Hanged or Hung?

Until recently, both “hanged” and “hung” were used as the past participle of hang.

Today, however, “hanged” usually only refers to someone who has been executed by hanging: “His neighbor was hanged.”

Objects are “hung”: “Nostalgic posters were hung around the restaurant.”

 

Do you have other examples of style differences in English?

 


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