||To respect or obey a decision, a law or a rule
||If you want to keep your job here, you must abide by our rules.
||To explain, give a reason
||I hope you can account for the time you were out!
||To make sense, seem reasonable
||The facts in the case just don’t add up.
||To recommend not doing something
||I advise against walking alone in this neighborhood.
||To have the same opinion as someone else.
||I agree with you. I think you should go as well.
||To take into consideration
||We need to allow for unexpected charges along the way.
- To plead or make a request
- To be attractive or interesting
- He appealed to the court to change its decision.
- A vacation of sunbathing doesn’t appeal to me.
||To make a formal request for something (job, permit, loan etc.)
||He applied for a scholarship for next semester.
||To move backwards, in fear or dislike
||When he saw the bear, he backed away in fright.
||To withdraw, concede defeat
||Local authorities backed down on their threats to build on that part of the beach.
- To give support or encouragement
- To make a copy of (file, program, etc.)
- I’m going to be very strict with him. I hope you’ll back me up on this?
- You should back up all your computer files in a secure location.
||To base your hopes on something / someone
||I’m banking on you to help with the charity event.
||To faint, lose consciousness
||Jenna fell in the parking lot and blacked out.
||To separate using a barrier.
||The police blocked off the street after the explosion.
- To explode
- To get angry
- Tommy blew up the red balloon.
- Don’t blow up at me. It’s not my fault.
|boil down to
||To be summarized as
||It all boils down to who has more power.
||To start a computer by loading an operating system or program
||You need to boot up your computer before you begin to work.
||To separate from a crowd
||One of the wolves broke away from his pack.
- To go out of order, cease to function
- To lose control of one’s emotions
- The washing machine broke down so we had to call in the repair technician.
- John broke down when he heard the news.
||To enter by force
||Burglars broke into my car last night.
||To start suddenly
||Rioting broke out after the government raised the fuel prices again.
|break out of
||To escape from a place by force
||Several prisoners broke out of jail.
||To come to an end (marriage, relationship)
||She broke up with Daniel after dating him for five years.
||To raise (a child)
||Sara is bringing up her children by herself.
|brush up on
||To improve, refresh one’s knowledge of something
||I must brush up on my French before going to Paris next month.
||To meet by chance or unexpectedly
||I bumped into Adam at the bank. He says “hello”.
- stop (something) working
- become exhausted from over-working
- The light bulb burnt out. Please change it.
- She needs to work fewer hours. Otherwise she will burn out.
||To return a phone call
||Could please call back in ten minutes?
||The game was called off because of bad weather.
||To become more relaxed, less angry or upset
||It took Kylie several hours to calm down after she saw the accident.
||The soldiers carried on walking in order to get to their post before dark.
- To do something as specified (a plan, an order, a threat)
- To perform or conduct (test, experiment)
- His orders were carried out to the letter.
- That company does not carry out tests on animals.
||To register at a hotel or airport
||They said I must check in at least three hours before my flight.
- To pay one’s bill and leave (a hotel)
- To investigate
- Donna checked out of the hotel this morning.
- I don’t know if this price is correct. I’ll check it out online.
||To refuse to speak
||When the police started asking questions, the suspect clammed up.
|clamp down on
||To act strictly to prevent something
||The local authorities have decided to clamp down on illegal parking in handicapped parking places.
- To find by chance
- To appear, seem, make an impression
- I was cleaning up and came across some old photos of you.
- The politician came across as a complete fool during the TV interview.
||To present oneself
||Has the owner of the winning lotto ticket come forward?
||To rely or depend on (for help)
||You can count on me to keep your secret.
|cut down on
||To reduce in number or size
||I’ve decided to cut down on the amount of sweets I eat.
- To remove using scissors
- To stop doing something
- She cut out a coupon from the newspaper.
- You need to cut out all red meat from your diet.
||To handle, take care of (problem, situation)
||Catherine is not good at dealing with stress.
||To calm down, become less strong
||After the storm died down, we went outside to see the damage it had caused.
||To manage without
||She didn’t get a salary this month, so she’ll have to do without extra treats.
||To last longer than expected
||The suspect’s trial dragged on longer than we had expected!
||To write (contract, agreement, document)
||They drew up a contract and had me sign it.
||wear elegant clothes
||Their wedding gave us a chance to dress up and get out of the house.
||To visit, usually on the way somewhere
||Why don’t you drop in to see us on your way home?
- To deliver someone or something
- To fall asleep
- I’ll drop off the papers later today.
- I often drop off in front of the TV.
||To leave school without finishing
||Zack dropped out of college and joined the army.
||To reduce, become less severe or slow down (pain, traffic, work)
||Traffic usually eases off about 7pm
||To finish in a certain way; result in
||Her marriage ended in divorce.
||To finally reach a state, place or action
||If you don’t improve your work habits, you’ll end up being fired.
||To fail; doesn’t happen
||His plans to trek through South America fell through when he got sick.
||To understand, find the answer
||He’s trying to figure out how to earn enough money to go on the trip to Spain.
||To complete (a form/an application)
||Please fill out the enclosed form and return it as soon as possible.
||To discover or obtain information
||I’m going to to find out who’s responsible for the power cut.
||To concentrate on something
||Tom had difficultty focusing on work the day before his holiday started.
|get along (with)
||To be on good terms; work well with
||It’s important to get along with your team supervisor.
||What are you getting at? Do you think I’m to blame?
||I think we should get away for the weekend.
||To manage to cope or to survive
||Students without jobs have a hard time getting by.
||When did you get in last night?
|get into (+noun)
||How did you get into your car without the keys?
- To leave (bus, train, plane)
- To remove
- You should get off the train in Kings Heath.
- I can’t get the ink stain off my shirt.
||To board (bus, train, plane)
||I’m trying to get on the flight to Brussels.
|get on with (something)
||To continue to do; make progress
||After they split up, she had a hard time getting on with her life.
|get on (well) with (somebody)
||To have a good relationship with
||He doesnt get on very well with the other members of the committee.
||He had a hard time getting out of Newark because of the snow?
|get out of
||To avoid doing something
||Edna’s trying to get out of working the night shift.
||To recover from (illness, disappointment)
||Has she gotten over the flu?
||To recover from (illness, disappointment)
||Mary had the chickenpox last week but she got over it.
|get rid of
||Please get rid of that old t-shirt. It’s so ragged.
||To meet each other
||Let’s get together for your birthday on Saturday.
||To rise, leave bed
||Will you please get up? You’ve got a class in 20 minutes.
- To cease opposition; yield
- To To hand in; submit
- We will never give in to the terrorists’ demands.
- I’ll give in my paper tomorrow.
||To stop doing something
||Morris gave up drinking 10 years ago.
||Andy went through a lot of pain after his mother died.
||To spend one’s childhood; develop; become an adult
||He’s like Peter Pan. He never really grew up at all.
||To submit (report, homework)
||Please hand in your papers before Friday.
||Susan volunteered at the shelter where she handed out warm clothes.
||To spend time in a particular place or with a group of friends
||Which pub does the team hang out at after the game?
||To end a phone conversation
||If you hang up now, I’ll never speak to you again.
- To wait
- To grip tightly
- Please hold on and a representative will answer your call.
- She was so scared on the rollercoaster ride that she held on for dear life.
||To be quick, act speedily
||Hurry up and finish your lunch or we’ll miss the train.
||To resolve by discussion, eliminate differences
||The two countries met at the conference to iron out their differences.
||Yes David, you can join in the discussion any time you like.
- To engage in, become a member of
- To meet and unite with
- There was a war on, so some kids were only sixteen when they joined up.
- Let’s separate now and join up later at the restaurant.
||To continue doing something
||If you keep on making that noise I will get annoyed.
|keep up with
||To stay at the same level as someone or something
||I read the paper every day to keep up with the news.
||To begin, start
||The rugby match kicked off at 3 o’clock.
||To omit, not mention
||Please check your form again and make sure nothing is left out.
||I feel so let down because they promised me a puppy but all I got was a doll.
||To take care of
||Andy can you look after your sister until I get back?
|look down on
||To consider as inferior
||She’s such a snob. She always looks down on anyone who is poor.
||To be a spectator at an event
||If you don’t want to take part in the game you can look on for now.
||To try to find something
||Harry went to the shop to look for a new computer.
|look forward to
||To await or anticipate with pleasure
||I’m looking forward to my birthday. It’s in two days time.
|look up to
||I always looked up to my father. He was a great man.
|make fun of
||To laugh at/ make jokes about
||It’s not nice to make fun of people in wheelchairs.
||To invent (excuse, story)
||That’s a good excuse. Did you make up it up yourself?
||To mistake one thing or person for another
||She had so many cats that she kept mixing up their names.
||To arrive in a new home or office
||Did you hear? Our new neighbors are moving in this afternoon.
||To leave your home/office for another one.
||When are you moving out? We need your office for the new guy.
||To fall asleep
||You were so tired after the game that you nodded off on the couch.
||To admit or confess something
||Come on. Own up. We know you did it!
||Your grandfather passed away peacefully in his sleep last night.
||He didn’t drink enough water so he passed out at the end of the race.
||I’ll pay you back as soon as I get the loan.
||To postpone, arrange a later date
||Don’t put off until tomorrow, what you can do today.
||To turn on, switch on
||It’s very dark in here. Please put on the light on.
||The fire fighters were able to put out fire in ten minutes.
||To accommodate, give somebody a bed
||I can put you up until the weekend but then I’m going away.
||To collect somebody
||I’ll pick you up at around 7:00 to take you to the airport.
||To indicate/direct attention to something
||As I already pointed out, there was a mistake in your calculation.
||To count on, depend on, trust
||You can rely on me. I always arrive on time.
||Since he had a sound alibi, the police ruled him out as a suspect.
||To escape from a place or suddenly leave
||He ran away from home and joined the circus.
||To meet by accident or unexpectedly (also: bump into)
||I’m so glad I ran into you. I need to ask you something.
|run out of
||To have no more of something.
||We’ve run out of milk. I’ll just pop next door to borrow some.
||To start a journey;
||Let’s set off early to miss the rush hour traffic.
||To start a business
||They set up their own company when they were still in high school.
||To compare prices
||Don’t buy that. Let’s shop around and see if we can find something cheaper.
||To brag or want to be admired
||He’s such a show off. He has to tell everybody about his new computer.
||I don’t think she’ll show up tonight. Her daughter is sick.
|shut up (impolite)
||To be silent, stop talking
||Shut up, you’re spoiling the movie!
||To take a seat
||I think you should sit down. It’s bad news.
||To rise from a sitting position
||The whole stadium stood up for the national anthem.
|stick up for
||My big brother always stuck up for me when I got into a fight.
||To resemble, in appearance or character
||Angie really takes after her grandmother.
|take care of
||To look after
||Please take care of my cat when I’m away.
||To leave the ground
||The plane will take off as soon as the fog lifts.
||To hire or engage staff
||I hear they’re taking on extra staff for this event.
||To remove; extract
||Please take out your mobile phones and turn them off.
||To reprimand/criticize severely
||The coach told her off for not trying hard enough.
||Take your time and think it over before you decide.
||To wear something to see if it suits or fits
||Go ahead, try it on and see if it fits?
||I asked her out but she turned me down flat.
||To finish a product (so that there’s none left)
||Your parents used up all the coffee!
||To be careful
||Watch out! There’s a dog in the road.
- To become unusable
- To become very tired
- Julie wore out her shoes running the marathons.
- Julie was worn out after all that running.
- To do physical exercise
- To find a solution or calculate something
- You should work out twice a week at the gym.
- Can you work this out? I’m no good at math.
||To clean (board, table).
||I’ll wash up if you wipe off the table.